Anatomy of a
Spinnaker Set: Part 1 The Bear-Away Set
bear-away set is the typical set we will use at the windward mark. It involves
turning the boat downwind around the mark, but not jibing. The spinnaker is set
on the port side of the boat (for a port rounding) and the pole is set up on
the starboard side. The only time we would not do a bear-away set is in a large
right hand shift (if the wind direction has veered or shifted to the right
while facing upwind).
1. Approach to Layline
decide what spinnaker we will be using and what type of set we will do.
Call for the sail on deck.
Go below and get the proper sail. Pass forward to the rail.
hook up the spinnaker while still on port tack if at all possible. Clip
bag to lifelines. Attach port and starboard spin gear making sure that it
is clear of everything. Bring halyard to the rail. If you are close to
layline, hook it up. If not, clip halyard to the lifeline (or better yet,
the strop at the base of the stanchion) leaving enough slack that the
halyard wont interfere with the jib once we tack.
else hike hard. It should only take one person off the rail to set up
2. On Layline (no
more than five boatlengths from the mark)
Assure the foredeck that you are indeed on layline and will not need to
trimmer Put slack in lazy jib sheet. Ease guy and spin sheet to
facilitate raising the pole. Then load guy onto starboard primary winch
(three turns, handle in, high gear).
Pull topping lift to raise outboard end of pole. We use the starboard jib
halyard as the topping lift so you should be able to do this without
really leaving the rail.
Open snap shackle at base of mast to free topping lift. If there is time,
break topping lift at pennant and reattach outside the lazy jib sheet. Raise
inboard end of the pole. Help jump topping lift if necessary.
Pull back on guy (and sheet) from the rail so that the pole end doesnt
get caught to leeward or between the jib and the headstay.
else Hike really hard. There should only be three people (two-and-a-half
really as the pit person can just turn around to reach the topping) off
the rail at this point.
3. Two Boatlengths to
Attach spinnaker halyard if necessary. Open the spinnaker bag fully and
remove any Velcro strips from the clews.
From the rail, pull guy and lazy sheet together to assist in getting the
spinnaker tack to the end of the pole.
Trimmer Pull guy back so that spinnaker tack reaches the end of the pole
and the pole is a foot or two off the headstay.
Sheet Trimmer Remove lazy runner and load spinnaker sheet onto port
cabin top winch. Adjust jib trim as necessary.
Take any slack out of spinnaker halyard.
else Hike harder
4. At the Mark
Call the hoist when the boat turns down and begins to flatten.
Trimmer Ease the main sheet a lot to allow the boat to turn down. Then
ease outhaul, cunningham, and backstay. Adjust vang as necessary.
Sheet Trimmer Ease jib several feet then go to spin sheet. Do not trim
spin sheet until the kite is aloft. Once it is up, trim in and start
talking to the helmsman about pressure.
trimmer Square the pole back about one quarter to one half the distance
between the forestay and shrouds depending on wind strength (further back
in more breeze). Make sure to adjust foreguy while you do this.
- Mast Jump the spinnaker halyard until
it is at full hoist. Call out Kites aloft! then help bowman get the jib
down by grabbing the leech of the sail and pulling it down and towards the
center of the boat.
Tail spinnaker halyard until it is at full hoist. If the mast man doesnt
quite get it all the way up (6 feet or less to go), worry about it after the
jib is down. Ease the jib halyard down (make sure you have a turn on the
winch before you open the clutchthe turn can be on top of the winch fully
loaded with the spin halyard). Once the jib is down, grind the spinnaker
halyard up to full hoist. Flake the jib halyard in figure eights using the
winch drum and your hand.
Feed the spinnaker out of the bag. Facilitate the hoist by pulling the
foot of the jib inboard to open up the slot between the jib and the
lifelines. Once the spinnaker is up, pull the jib down keeping it inside
Keep hiking until the last possible moment before you do your job. It is
critical to keep the boat flat when turning down around the mark.
5. After the Rounding
- Main Trimmer
(and others) - Make sure the sail and rig controls are eased.
detach jib sheets, toss port one over the inboard end of the pole and clip
them together. Bring lazy guy forward to bowman to prepare for jibe.
Once boatspeed is up, detach jib halyard from sail and clip it to the bow.
Pull the luff all the way down and out of the sail track. Detach tack of
jib and pull the sail aft of the foreguy.
Else Get as much weight as possible near the shrouds and down low. Look
back to find the next puff.
Trimmer (or someone else in the cockpit) Unwind jib sheet off leeward
primary. Load lazy guy onto the winch leaving plenty of slack for the
bowman to take it all the way forward for the next jibe. Ditch the runners
and load the lazy spin sheet on the windward cabin top winch.